The latter, however, is potentially dangerous. Virtually every ancient Mediterranean culture had some form of the institution of slavery.
The regime must be said to be both - and neither — a democracy and an oligarchy, and it will be preserved "because none of the parts of the city generally would wish to have another regime" b But while nature wishes to do this, it is often unable to" b3.
Here he asks the question of "whether the virtue of the good man and the excellent citizen is to be regarded as the same or as not the same" b The good citizen today is asked to follow the laws, pay taxes, and possibly serve on juries; these are all good things the good man or woman would do, so that the good citizen is seen as being more or less subsumed into the category of the good person.
In this case, Aristotle takes up the popular opinion that political rule is really the same as other kinds of rule: Later he says that "Whoever is entitled to participate in an office involving deliberation or decision is, we can now say, a citizen in this city; and the city is the multitude of such persons that is adequate with a view to a self-sufficient life, to speak simply" b This is also one reason why many students have difficulty reading his work: Aristotle does not elaborate on it.
Of course, they do not need this ability. It is not made once and for all, but must be made over and over again as we live our lives.
This is what is called the city or the political partnership" a3 See also III. We do not need to consider these in detail except to note that Aristotle holds to his position that in either a democracy or an oligarchy it is best if the law rules rather than the people possessing power.
The destruction of the whole body would also mean the destruction of each of its parts; "if the whole [body] is destroyed there will not be a foot or a hand" a We are left with the position that while some people are indeed slaves by nature, and that slavery is good for them, it is extremely difficult to find out who these people are, and that therefore it is not the case that slavery is automatically just either for people taken in war or for children of slaves, though sometimes it is b Practical knowledge is only useful if we act on it; we must act appropriately if we are to be moral.
If power is held by the wealthy who rule for their own benefit, then the regime is an oligarchy. First, Aristotle points out that although nature would like us to be able to differentiate between who is meant to be a slave and who is meant to be a master by making the difference in reasoning capacity visible in their outward appearances, it frequently does not do so.
Someone who is not living a life that is virtuous, or morally good, is also not living a happy life, no matter what they might think.Hetaira / h ɪ ˈ t aɪ r ə / (plural hetairai (/ h ɪ ˈ t aɪ r aɪ /), also hetaera / h ɪ ˈ t ɪ r ə / (plural hetaerae / h ɪ ˈ t ɪ r iː /), (Ancient Greek: ἑταίρα, "companion", pl.
ἑταῖραι) was a type of prostitute in ancient Greece. Traditionally, historians of ancient Greece have distinguished between hetairai and pornai, another class of prostitute in ancient. Aristotle: Politics. In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle ( B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.
The Politics also provides analysis of the kinds of political community that.Download